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2018年12月英语四级听力解析

2018-12-20 11:25:05 来源:新东方在线

2018年12月英语四级真题及答案大汇总
题型

大学英语四级听力解析

新东方在线

  新闻部分

  News Report One

  主旨内容:

  科学家计划建立史上第一个月球上的通讯信号, 来支持月球和地球间的高清视频与数据传输。

  参考原文:

  A device that weighs less than 1 kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019. If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network. The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and the earth. The network is part of a mission to the moon. This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon. The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon Nine Rocket in 2019. Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon. The scientists working on the project opted to build 4G rather than the fifth generation or 5G work. This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases. This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon’s surface.

  1. What are scientists planning to do?

  Set up a mobile phone network on the moon。

  2. Why did scientists choose to set up 4G network in their mission?

  It is stable。

  大意:科学家们想要在月球上安装一个4g手机通讯设备,以便在月球上提供手机信号来建立并测试月球通讯网络的第一要素。

  解析:与去年新闻第一题相似,仍然考查科技类主题。第一题文科学家打算做什么为主旨题,在文章第一句开头给出答案。第二题为细节题问原因,文章最后一句because后引出答案。整体难度适中。

  News Report Two

  主旨内容:

  圣玛丽亚教堂旁发生了火灾, 但没有发生伤亡。该购物中心自2002年以来一直没有投入使用。2014年,市政厅计划拆除建筑物,将其替换为经济适用房。但由于缺乏资金,该计划被取消。

  参考原文:

  Firefighters responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood. The fire was reported at 9:26 p.m. at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St. Mary’s Church. Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene. Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin. There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries. Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire. Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn’t start up again. The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002. In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing. However, the plan was dropped due to lack of funds.

  What does the news item say about the fire?

  No injuries were yet reported

  4. What had City Hall planned to do?

  Pull down the deserted shopping mall

  大意:消防员接到一栋废弃商场的火警警情并及时扑灭了大火。该废弃商场原本由市政厅计划改造为经济适用房,然而由于资金问题而搁置。

  解析:本文第一题为主旨题,答案出现在第一句。第二题为细节题,问市政厅原打算做什么,新闻倒数第二句出现市政厅及计划的原词,并且有提示及停顿。题目位置固定且有明显提示,难度不大。

[page]

  News Report Three

  主旨内容:

  去年风暴和洪水造成严重的收成问题,使薯片价格是正常价格的6倍。且由于疾病,日本法律限制了马铃薯进口,只许进口美国特定州的马铃薯。

  参考原文:

  Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6 times their normal price. This is after the country’s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage. Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades. Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products. “We don’t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said. Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare. Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products. Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports. It still only allows potatoes from selected US states. This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports. But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often.

  5.What problem is Japan facing?

  Insufficient potato supply

  6. Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes?

  It is afraid of the spread of disease

  7. What might affect Japanese domestic produce?

  Global warming

  大意:日本的薯片价格由于土豆产量下降上涨了6倍,且因对疾病的恐惧禁止进口除美国个别州外的其他地方的土豆。

  解析:本文第一题仍未主旨题,出现在文章第一句。第二三题属于细节题,中间有明显停顿语气上升以及最后一题前有明显提示词“but”,因此本题难度较小。

  新闻总体题目类型与出题位置固定,且有明显提示词,难度不大。

  长对话

  Conversation One:

  主旨内容:

  两位学生在讨论课上如何集中注意力。女生提出手记笔记,才能记住内容,并且可以通过划线来集中注意力;在家学习时要大声朗读辅助记忆。

  参考原文:

  M: Mr. Brown’s lectures are so boring.

  W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker. But the subject is interesting.

  M: During every one of his lectures, I try to listen. I really try. But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration. But I see that you seem to be OK. How do you stay focused through the entire hour?

  W: Well, what I do is keep my pen moving.

  M: What do you mean?

  W: It’s a method of active concentration I read about. One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down. But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard. You see writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way.

  M: Do you review your notes afterwards then?

  W: Sometimes, but that’s not important. My notes may or may not be useful but the point is that by writing down what Mr. Brand says I can follow his line of thinking more easily. In fact, sometimes I draw a little too.

  M: You draw in class and that helps me pay attention?

  W: Yes, honestly it works for me. I just draw little lines and nonsense really. It was also in that article I read. It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate. Again the point is to listen hard while keeping the pen moving. If I’m at home and I need to study what I do is read out loud. It has a similar effect to writing by hand. It helps memorize information in a physical way.

  What does the man think of Mr. Brown’s lectures?

  Dull

  9. What does the woman do during Mr. Brown’s lectures?

  She takes notes

  10. Why does the woman draw in class?

  It keeps her mind active

  11. What does the woman say about reading out loud?

  It helps her better remember what she learns

  解析:首题较简单,首轮问答当中的第一句出答案。第二题位于第二轮问答的女士所说内容,语气词后答语出答案。后两题位于最后一轮问答当中,两道题的答案虽然都位于女士所说的内容当中,但是女士所说的这一段内容非常长,且为答语。但两题位置稍进,要求快速反应题目转移。

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  Conversation Two

  主旨内容:

  两个人讨论印度去旅游,提到了泰姬陵的,交通情况和饮食。

  参考原文:

  M: And where is this?

  W: These photos are from the Taj Mahal in India. We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon.

  M: Was it romantic.

  W: Yeah. The Taj Mahal was a very romantic place. The guide told us there is a famous love story behind this building that all Indians learn in school. I think it was during the 1600 and the princess at that time died while giving birth to her 14th child. The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died that he ordered the palace to be built in her honor.

  M: Wow. That sounds very romantic. It looks amazing.

  W: Yes, it’s gorgeous. It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos. The building is very tall and there are gardens in a wall around it all. It’s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels.

  M: It must have been very crowded when you were there.

  W: Yes, it’s a very famous tourist destination. So there are thousands of visitors every day.

  M: Was the rest of India crowded?

  W: Yes, very crowded in many cities. It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets especially through busy markets. And there are so many cars. Traffic was terrible but the people were friendly. The culture is amazing and we had a great time.

  M: What about the food?

  W: The Indian food is great. There are lots of different dishes to try and every region has its own special food.

  For what purpose did the woman go to India?

  To spend her honeymoon

  13. Why was the Taj Mahal built?

  In memory of a princess

  14. What does the woman say about the Taj Mahal?

  It has walls decorated with jewels

  15. what is the woman‘s impression of Indian cities?

  They are mostly crowded

  解析:首题位于首轮问答,答语出答案。第二题位于第二轮问答,整个故事有些长,稍有难度。后两题位于后两段问答当中,本篇基本形式是男士提问女士回答,所以所有答案都位于女士答语当中,难度适中。

  篇章

  Passage One

  主旨内容:

  一个研究中心调查了1000个美国人, 有关公共图书馆,调查显示,美国人对当地开设公共图书馆表示支持。

  参考原文:

  A Pew Research Center survey of more than 1000 Americans conducted in April 2016 finds thatAmericans continue to express largely positive views about the current state of their local public libraries. For instance, around three quarters say that public libraries provide them with the resources they need and 66% say the closing of their local public library would have a major impact on their community. Although notably just 33% say this would have a major impact on them personally or on their family. A majority of Americans feel libraries are doing a good job of providing a safe place for people to hang out or spend time as well as opening up educational opportunities for people of all ages and roughly half think their libraries contribute a lot to their communities in terms of helping spark creativity among young people, and providing a trusted place for people to learn about new technologies. As in past Pew Research Center surveys of library use the April 2016 survey also measured Americans usage of and engagement with libraries. Overall, 53% of Americans ages 16 and older have had some interaction with the puppet library in the past year either through an in person visit or using a library website some 48% of adults specifically visited a library in the past 12 months. A modest increase from the 44% who said that in late 2015.

  What do most Americans say about local public libraries?

  They provide residents with the resources they need

  17. How can local public libraries benefit young people?

  By inspiring their creativity

  18. What does the 2016 survey show about adult library users?

  Their number increased modestly

  解析:本篇文章数字较多,全篇有大量数字以及比例分别对应了不同题目。因此此题作答时应一定要快速做完笔记再来听问题进行匹配,并且快速转移到下一题目,整体难度较大。

  Passage Two

  主旨内容:

  有一种新品种的猫, 由中型野生非洲猫和家养猫杂交,2001年, 国际猫协会承认了这种猫,且允许人们饲养。现在,这种猫已经成为饲养猫中最多猫品种之一。

  参考原文:

  A Savannah cat is a crossbreed between a domestic cat and a medium-sized wild African cat called the Serval. The unusual cross became popular among breeders at the end of the 1990s. And in 2001, the International Cat Association accepted it as a new registered breed. The savannahs are tall and slim and can weigh up to nine point one kilograms, making them one of the largest breeds of cats that people can own. They have a spotted code similar to that of many types of wild cats and their ears are very large. They are also commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty and can be trained to walk on a lead and to fetch, and often noted characteristic of the Savannah is its jumping ability. They are known to jump on top of doors and high cabinets. Some can leap about2.5 meters high from a standing position. Cats are typically known for being very inquisitive and so are the Savannahs. They often learn how to open doors and cupboards. Many Savannah cats do not fear water and will play with or even dive into water.Some owners even shower with their Savannah Cats, presenting a water bowl to Savannah may also prove a challenge, as some will promptly begin to bat all the water out of the bowl until it is empty using their front paws.

  19. What do we learn about the savannah cat?

  It is an unusual cross breed

  20. What is characteristic of Savannah cats?

  They are as loyal as dogs

  21. What do some people do with their Savannah cats?

  They shower with them

  解析:首题答案位于首句,答案位置较为明显。第二题答案前原文中有明显长时间停顿。最后一题答案位于最后一句,答案位置比较容易定位。本篇难度较小,找到关键词对应即可。

[page]

  Passage Three

  主旨内容

  孩子的教育。孩子们第一次上学时,家长可能会兴奋,可能悲伤,感情复杂。孩子出生时,家长对孩子的教育和孩子模仿家长就已开始。

  参考原文:

  When children start school for the very first time parents often feel a sense of excitement coupled with a touch of sadness at the end of an era. This is the start of a new adventure for children playing and interacting with new friends sharing, taking turns and settling into a new routine. But of course, this is not the start of your child’s education which in fact began at birth. Back then, you would have been your child’s most influential teachers. During this time at home, your child would have learnt more than at any other period in their life. During your child’s first year in school much time will be spent in learning to read and they need to know that this is fun and worthwhile. Your child will naturally copy you so it is important that you are seen reading and enjoying books newspapers and magazines rather than just absorbed in screens. Ultimately an excellent education should be a close partnership between parents and teachers. A child’s year splits fairly neatly into thirds: a third at school, a third asleep and a third awake at home or on holiday. Irrespective of the quality of a school a child’s home life is of key importance. It is the determining factor of their academic success. Your child may have started on a new journey but your work is far from finished.

  22. How do parents feel when their children start going to school?

  Excite but somewhat sad

  23. What does the passage say about children’s education?

  It depends on their parents to success

  24. What should parents do for the success of their children’s education?

  Set a good example for them to follow

  25. What does the passage say is the key factor of children’s academic success?

  Their home life

  解析:本位第一题位于文章第一句直接出答案。第二题答案前有明显提示词“but”,第三题与最后一题前有副词以及明显语气转变,找到关键词对应即可。整篇文章题目分布较均匀,难度中等。

  写作新东方呼和浩特学校吴静

  第一套:Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the challenge of starting a career after graduation. 120-180words.

  第二套:Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the challenge of studying abroad. 120-180words.

  第三套:Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the challenge of living in a big city. 120-180words.

  本题主要要求考生写一篇120词至180词的文章,主要论述毕业后工作的挑战/出国读书的挑战/在大城市生活的挑战,是典型的议论文。今年的四级作文难度正常,题目词汇为初中词汇,通过审题可知,题目包含两个方面的内容:第一,论证工作/出国读书/大城市生活会面对的挑战;第二,给出适当的的建议,写出解决挑战的方法。

  今年的题目直接沿袭了6月份的考法,我们可以看出命题人所出题目开始关注社会热点现象,想要考查学生分析问题解决问题的能力。所以我们要把重点放在解决挑战的建议上,即我们要提出几条可行性的方法(methods)或者建议(suggestions),我们可以按照这样的写作思路来进行谋篇布局。

  第一段:论述现象

  第二段:会面对什么样的挑战 +举例子

  第三段:面对这样的挑战,有什么样的解决方法,大概写2-3点,然后总结全文。

  范文解析:以大城市的挑战为例子

  第一段:引出主题—— “论述现象,引出话题”。

  Currently, there is a phenomenon that a number of graduates choose to live in a big city after graduation.For example, 70% my classmates prefer to find job in big cities like Beijing,Shanghaiand Shenzhen. While, settling down in a big city is not easy.

  译文:当今,存在一个现象,大多数毕业生选择毕业后留在大城市生活,例如,70%我的同学们,倾向于找工作在北京、上海、深圳等城市,然而,正如我们所知在大城市生活并不是容易的事情。

  模板句:Currently, there is a phenomenon that a number of XXX 可以用来描述现象

  While, settling down in a big city is not easy. :转折可以用来引出观点

  第二段:论述面对的挑战有什么+ 带来的结果

  Living in a big city,we may meet a lot of challenges as follows: in the first place,people, especially the young,have to face the surprisingly high price of housing. Generally, we may spend half of our entire salary on housing. In the second place, people may feel lonely, because we are so busy that we hardly have time to meet our friends. Even some of us have no time to spend with their parents. In the end, comparing with living in a small city, living in a big one makes us often feel too much pressure, and too much pressure may lead to some mental illness.

  译文:生活在大城市,我们会面对以下的挑战,首先,尤其是年轻人,需要面对高昂的房价,这样的挑战使得我们不得将每个月的薪水用来支付高房价。第二,我们会经常感到孤独,因为我们太忙了以至于我们几乎没有时间与我们的朋友见面,甚至,我们机会没时间陪伴我们的父母。最后,与小城市相比,生活在大城市经常让我们感到压力,这样的压力会给我们带来心理方面的疾病。

  模板:Living in a big city ,we may meet a lot of challenges as follows:

  people, especially young people who :

  because we are so busy that we hardly have time to meet our friends : so…that 句式

  第三段:根据上段的内容提建议。

  In conclusion, people who are ready to live in a big city should make numerous preparations. On the one hand, they had better get used to feeling lonely and pressure, because life in any big city is not a very easy thing, and you should learn to solve countless problems. On the other hand, you should keep studying in order to improve your ability.

  译文:总之,那些打算去大城市生活的人应该做好充足的心理准备,首先,他们必须要习惯孤独与压力,因为大城市生活并非容易的事。第二各方面,你应该终生学习来不断提高自己的能力。

  模板:In conclusion, people who are ready to live in a big city should make numerous preparations. On the one hand,

  On the other hand

  另附写作范文新东方呼和浩特学校曹晶

  In contemporary society, a growing number of residents tend to live in a big city in which they could get more work opportunities, excellent education, and other high-quality resources. However, living in a big city, from my perspective, also may bring us a number of challenges.

  Firstly, it is obvious that the high price of housing gives youngsters a great deal of pressure, making them struggle for a better living condition. Then, the terrible traffic may even become a primary factor that costsyou much time on your way to work. More importantly, compared with living in rural areas, living in a big city sometimes means you have to tolerate the unpleasant air condition.

  Given all these, living in a big city may not be an easy thing. But if we are willing to make efforts to change some little things, I believe that we would have a bright future. By the way, nothing can stop us from striving for our goals.

  综上所述,今年的四级作文符合常规,典型的议论文,议论文就按照三步走套路:第一步:描述现象,第二步:论述事实+带来的结果,第三步:总结+提建议的套路,建议考生平时复习同类型文章时可以采用上述步骤。

[page]

  阅读新东方呼和浩特学校高渝婷

  选词填空-第一篇

  26. F damage

  27. B associated

  28. M sources

  29. D constant

  30. G described

  31. E control

  32. H equals

  33. K regularly

  34. I exclusively

  35. O vehicles

  选词填空-第二篇

  26. I remedies

  27. D inconvenience

  28. H recommended

  29. C hesitant

  30. 0 worse

  31. B experiences

  32. J scared

  33. M pressured

  34. L sink

  35. E lessen

  选词填空-第三篇

  26. I warning

  27. B convenience

  28. F particularly

  29. L surveyed

  30. C effectively

  31. E intimate

  32. J unfriendly

  33. K specific

  34. G primary

  35. A avoid

  匹配-第一套:

  36-40 DBGFI 41-45 FCJEG

  36. More than half of the food Americans eat is factory-produced

  37. There is a special program that assigns doctors to give advice to shoppers in food stores.

  38. There is growing evidence from research that food helps patients recover from various illnesses.

  39. A healthy breakfast can be prepared quickly and easily.

  40. Training a patient to prepare healthy food can change their life.

  41. One food-as-medicine program not only prescribes food for treatment but teaches patient show to cook it.

  42. Scott is nat keen on cooking food herself thinking it would simply be a waste of time.

  43. Diabetes patients are advised to eat more plant-based food

  44. Using food as medicine is no novel idea but the movement is making headway these days.

  45. Americans high rates of various illesses result from the way they eat.

  匹配-第二

  36-40 FCLEA 41-45 NMDKH

  36. A research project found bacteria made their way to the food on the floor in five seconds.

  37. Whether food is contaminated depends much on the number of bacteria that get onto it.

  38. Food contamination may result from various factors other than food dropping on the floor

  39. Males are less likely than females to eat focd that may have been contaminated.

  40. The author's research centers around how faod gets contaminated.

  41. Keeping everything clean is the best way to stay healthy.

  42. Chances are you will not fall sick because of eating food picked up from the floor.

  43. For a long time people have had the experience of deciding whether or not to eat food picked up from the floor.

  44. Some strains of bacteria are so harmful that a tiny few can have deadly consequences.

  45. Researchers found how many bacteria got into the food did not have much to do with how long the food stayed on a contaminated floor.

  匹配-第三套

  36-40 GMFCE DAHKB

  36. Careme was among the first chefs who stressed both the appearance and flavor of dishes.

  37. Careme wanted to show to later generations that French chefs of his time were most world.

  38. Careme benefited greatly from serving a French diplomat and his connections.

  39. Careme learned his trade from a famous dessert chef in Paris.

  40. Careme's creative works were exhibited in the shop windows by his master.

  41. Careme's knowledge of art and architecture helped him create extraordinary desserts out of ordinary ingredient.

  42. Many people in Paris were eager ta have a look at the latest sweet food made by Care.

  43. Careme became extremely wealthy by cooking for rich and socially ambitious families.

  44. Careme's writing dealt with fundamental cooking principles in a systematic way.

  45. Careme's contribution to French cooking was revolutionary.

  仔细阅读-第一套

  46. How could california's drought crisis be solved according to some researchers?

  B - By drawing water from the depths of the earth

  47. What can be inferred about extracting water from deep aquifers?

  B - It was not considered worth the expense

  48. What is mentioned as a consequence of extracting water from deep underground?

  A - The sinking of land surface

  49. What does the author say about deep wells?

  D - They provide a steady supply of freshwater

  50. What may happen when deep aquiters are used as water sources?

  C - The cost may go up due to desalination.

  51. What does the author want to show with the example of AlphaGo's victory?

  D - Computers can become highly inelilence

  52. What does the author 'mean by Al machines acting ethically?

  C - They make sensible decisions when facing moral dilemmas.

  53. What is said to be the bigger challenges facing humans in the AI age?

  B - How to ensure that super- intllient AI machines act ethically.

  54. What do we learn about Microsoft's 'chatbot' Taylor?

  A - She could not distinguish good from bad.

  55. What does Eric Schmidt think of artificial intlligence?

  D - It will be here to stay whatever the outcome.

  仔细阅读-第二套

  46. What do we learn from a newly published study about cats?

  C - They have a natural ability to locate animals they hunt.

  47. What may account for the cats' response to the noise from the containers?

  D - Their mastery of cause and effect

  48. What is characteristic of the way cats hunt, according to the Japanese researchers?

  B - They rely mainly on their hearing.

  49. In what way do babies behave like cats?

  A - They focus on what appears odd.

  50. What can we conclude about cats from the passage?

  B - They interact with the physical world much like humans.

  51. What would be the impact of the extensive use of driveress cars?

  A - People would be driving in a more civilized way.

  52. How would the elderly and the disabled benefit from driverless cars?

  A - They could enjoy greater mobility

  53. What would be the negative impact of driveress cars?

  D - Numerous professional drivers would have to find new ways of earning a living.

  54. What is the result of the introduction of new technologies in energy industries?

  B - Retaining of employees.

  55. What does the author suggest businesses and the government do?

  C - Enable everyone to benefit from new technologies.

  仔细阅读-第三套

  46. For what reason may your friends feel reluctant to visit your home?

  A - The security camera installed may intrude into their privacy

  47. What does Lizzie Post say is new territory?

  D - Etiquette around home security cameras.

  48. What is Lizzie Post mainly discussing with regard to the use of home security cameras?

  C - Likes and dislikes of individuals.

  49. What is a host's responsibility regarding security cameras, according to Lizzie Post?

  A - Making their guests feel at ease.

  50. In what way can the home security camera benefit visitors to your home?

  B - It can prove their innocence.

  51. Why is PepsiCo making a policy change?

  C - to satisfy the growing needs for healthy foods.

  52. What does PepsiCo think it will have to do in the future?

  D - Keep on improving its products.

  53. Why does PepsiCo plan to alter its products. according to IndraNooyi?

  A - To ensure the company's future development

  54. What does IndraNooyi say about the obesity epidemic?

  C - it is atributable to people's changed lifestyles.

  55. What has PepsiCo been doing to achieve its objective?

  B - Increasing its research funding.

[page]

  翻译新东方呼和浩特学校翟雪君

  【试题】

  由于通信网络的快速发展,中国智能手机用户数量近年来以惊人的速度增长。这极大地改变了许多人的阅读方式。他们现在经常在智能手机上看新闻和文章,而不买传统报刊。大量移动应用程序的开发使人们能用手机读小说和其他形式的文学作品。因此,纸质书籍的销售受到了影响。但调查显示,尽管手机阅读市场稳步增长,超半数成年人仍喜欢读纸质书。

  译文:

  With the rapid development of telecommunications, the number of smart-phone users in China have been increasing dramatically in recent years, which has greatly changed the way many people read. Now, they read news and articles on smart phones instead of traditional newspapers and magazines. The development of apps on phones has made people read novels and other literature online. As a result, sales of paper books have been affected. However, according to the survey, despite the stable growth of the reading market on phones, more than half of adults still prefer paper books.

  评述: 该文围绕日常生活类通讯工具手机,涉及手机阅读。其中有较多定语和状语的翻译处理。句子内部有多个分句,可采取修饰或并列句或从句的方式来处理,同时注意逻辑词的应用,该篇词汇难度不大,均为日常使用的简单词汇,但多为比较新潮的词汇。

  通讯网络, telecommunications这是标准的词, 实在写不出来, 也不能空着, 表达达意即可, 如phones代替多有通讯工具。

  the number of ...have been increasing dramatically表示……的数量。

  智能机的固定说法是smart phone, 比较新潮的词汇, 本身不难, 但主要考查活学活用以及对生活类英语实用性的考查。

  要多注意局时间的逻辑关系和逻辑词的应用, 比如“虽然、尽管”为让步关系,也可以替换成but转折关系,“因此”为因果关系表示结果,“而”在文章这里表示转折关系。

  超半数成年人仍喜欢读纸质书,此句中暗含比较,所以喜欢翻译成prefer(更喜欢偏爱)更为传神。

  四级翻译题解析

  Part IV Translation (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer sheet 2.

  【试题】

  越来越多的中国人现在的确离不开手机了。他们中的许多人,包括老年人,都使用手机应用程序(apps)保持联系并拓宽朋友圈。他们也用手机购物、查找信息,因为手机便于携带。此外,使用手机应用程序通信比传统电话便宜。然而,这种新趋势导致人们在社交时过度依赖手机。事实上,一些年轻人己经变得十分上瘾,以至于忽视了与家人和朋友面对面的交流。

  【译文】

  Nowadays, an increasing number of Chinese people cannot leave mobile phones. Many of them, including the old people, keep in touch with the others and expand their circle of friends by mobile apps. They also use their cell phones for shopping online and searching for information as phones are easy to carry. Besides, the communication by mobile apps is cheaper than that by traditional phones. However, this new trend leads to people’s overdependence on mobile phones. In fact, some young people have become so addicted that they ignore the face-to-face communication with their family and friends.

  【解析】

  ①越来越多的中国人现在的确离不开手机了。

  该句主语是“中国人”, “越来越多”作定语修饰“中国人”。用一般现在时态描述; “离不开”可用 “can’t leave”也可用 “can’t live without”。本句难度不大。

  Nowadays, an increasing number of Chinese people cannot leave mobile phones.

  ②他们中的许多人,包括老年人,都使用手机应用程序(apps)保持联系并拓宽朋友圈。

  “老年人”可译为 “the old people”或 “the elderly”;“与……保持联系”:keep in touch with......;“拓宽”这个动词对学生们可能不熟悉,可用“expand”也可用 “ widen”;“朋友圈”可以译为“circle of friends”或直接可以说 “make more friends”。

  Many of them, including old people, keep in touch with the others and expand their circle of friends by mobile apps.

  ③他们也用手机购物、查找信息,因为手机便于携带。此外,使用手机应用程序通信比传统电话便宜。

  该句是并列句,两个简单句由“and”连接,第二个分句中“因为”,是引导原因状语,可用 “as”引出。第二句中“此外”可用“besides”也可用“in addition”,比较结构用 “than”。

  They also use their cell phones for shopping online and searching for information as phones are easy to carry. Besides, the communication by mobile apps is cheaper than that by traditional phones.

  ④然而,这种新趋势导致人们在社交时过度依赖手机。

  转折逻辑词 “however”, “过度依赖”对学生来说有一定难度,可用 “overdependence”或 “rely too much on”

  However, this new trend leads to people’s overdependence on mobile phones.

  ⑤事实上,一些年轻人己经变得十分上瘾,以至于忽视了与家人和朋友面对面的交流。

  “如此......以至于......”,可用 “so that”结构引导; “已经”可知整句话时态为现在完成时

  In fact, some young people have become so addicted that they ignore the face-to-face communication with their family and friends.

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