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2018年12月英语四级考试听力部分解析

2018-12-20 11:54:28 来源:新东方在线

2018年12月英语四级真题及答案大汇总
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2018年12月四级英语考试听力部分解析

新东方在线

  卷一的听力,就目前拿到的原文材料来看,并无过难情况,题材和文本难度均与往年保持一致水平。

  听力section解析如下:

  新闻:

  卷一的新闻题一,科技新闻.介绍了科学家将在月球上实现4G信号的覆盖.考点题一为新闻主旨题,符合新闻开头出题的原则.第二题新闻细节题考察新闻中“原因“的要素.答案均为原文原词,难度不大。

  原文和考点句如下.

  News 1

  A device that weighs less than one kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019. If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network. The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and earth. The network is part of a mission to the moon. This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon. The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon 9 rocket in 2019. Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon. The scientists working on the project opted to build a 4G rather than a fifth generation or 5G network.This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases.This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon‘s surface

  Question 1:What are scientists planning to do?

  Question 2:Why did scientists choose to set up a 4G network in their mission?

  答案:

  1. C) Set up a mobile phone network on the moon.

  2. A) It is stable.

  新闻题二为社会新闻,讲述了在好莱坞密歇根大道上一家废弃旧商场发生的火灾。.考点题一仍然为新闻主旨题,符合新闻开头出题的原则.第二题新闻细节题。符合我们听力课上课时提到的时间/数字等信息集中处出题的规律。原文和考点句如下.

  News 2

  It‘s responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood. The fire was reported at 9:26 pm at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St. Mary’s Church.Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene. Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin. There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries. Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire. Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn‘t start up again. The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002. In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing.However the plan was dropped due to lack of funds.

  Question 3:What does the news item say about the fire?

  Question4:What had City Hall planned to do?

  答案:

  3. B) No injuries were yet reported.

  4. B) Pull down the deserted shopping mall.

  新闻题三为社会新闻,讲述日本由于自然灾害土豆产量下降和进口管制,导致土豆价格升高的事件。考点题一仍然为新闻主旨题,但要求考生听懂“shortage(短缺)”一词,有一定难度。第二/三题新闻细节题。原文和考点句如下.

  News 3

  Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6X their normal price.This is after the country‘s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage.Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades. Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products.

  “We don‘t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said. Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare. Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products. Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports. It still only allows potatoes from selected US states. This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports.

  But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often.

  Question 5:What problem is Japan facing?

  Question 6:Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes?

  Question 7:What might affect Japanese domestic produce?

  答案:

  5. D) Insufficient potato supply.

  6. C) It is afraid of the spread of disease.

  对于考生而言,长对话一向是听懂难度较低的文本。此次两篇长对话,就文本和听力音频难度来看,难度适中。如果大家有好好掌握课上所说的长对话出题原则,找到答案的可能性还是非常大的,关注开头结尾处,以及中间负责答者的回答。长对话第一篇讨论的话题是近年来高频话题,学习,说话人讲解了学习保持专注度的一些方法和技巧。第8/9题选项和原文存在同义词替换(boring-dull),近义表达替换(writing=take notes)的情况,但第10-11题选项均为原文原词。

  Conversation 1

  M:Mr.Brown‘s lectures are so boring.

  W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker. But the subject is interesting.

  M: During every one of his lectures, I try to listen I really try. But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration. But I see that you seem to be OK. How do you stay focused through the entire hour?

  W: Well,what I do is keep my pen moving.

  M: What do you mean?

  W: It‘s a method of active concentration I read about. One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down. But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard. You see writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way.

  M: Do you review your notes afterwards then?

  W: Sometimes but that‘s not important. My notes may or may not be useful but the point is that by writing down what Mr. Brand says I can follow his line of thinking more easily. In fact, sometimes I draw a little too.

  M:You draw in class and that helps me pay attention?

  W: Yes, honestly it works for me. I just draw little lines and nonsense really. It was also in that article I read.It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate.Again the point is to listen hard while keeping the pen moving. If I‘m at home and I need to study what I do is read out loud.It has a similar effect to writing by hand.It helps memorize information in a physical way.

  Question 8. What does the man think of Mr.Brown‘s lectures?

  Question 9. What does the woman do during Mr.Brown‘s lectures?

  Question 10. Why does the woman draw in class?

  Question 11. What does the woman say about reading out loud?

  答案:

  8. C) Dull.

  9. D) She takes notes.

  10. A) It keeps her mind active.

  11. B) It helps her better remember what she learns.

  第二篇长对话则为讨论泰姬陵,难度较上一篇而言较低,应是考生在长对话部分的主要得分点。听题时注意重复出现的信息(princess/crowded)

  Conversation 2

  M: And where is this?

  F :These photos are from the Taj Mahal in India. We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon.

  M: Was it romantic.

  F: Yeah. The Taj Mahal was a very romantic place. The guide told us there is a famous love story behind this building that all Indians learn in school. I think it was during the 1600 and the princess at that time died while giving birth to her 14th child. The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died that he ordered the palace to be built in her honor.

  M:Wow ! That sounds very romantic. It looks amazing.

  F:Yes it‘s gorgeous. It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos. The building is very tall and there are gardens in a wall around it all.It‘s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels.

  M :It must have been very crowded when you were there.

  F: Yes it‘s a very famous tourist destination. So there are thousands of visitors every day.

  M: Was the rest of India crowded?

  F:Yes,very crowded in many cities. It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets especially through busy markets. And there are so many cars. Traffic was terrible but the people were friendly. The culture is amazing and we had a great time.

  M:What about the food?

  F: the Indian food is great. There are lots of different dishes to try and every region has its own special food.

  Question 12. For what purpose did the woman go to India?

  Question 13. Why was the Taj Mahal built?

  Question 14. What does the woman say about the Taj Mahal?

  Question 15 what is the woman‘s impression of Indian cities?

  答案:

  12. A) To spend her honeymoon.

  13. A) In memory of a princess.

  14. D) It has walls decorated with jewels.

  15. B) They are mostly crowded.

  短文:

  听力考试中难度较大的题型,短文。第一篇是一篇报告,关于美国人对于公共图书馆的观点和使用情况。文章出自PEW研究中心。话题相对比较严肃,部分考生可能存在听懂的困难,但答案给出方式较为直接,基本为原文原词直接对应。

  题源文章链接:http://www.pewinternet.org/2016/09/09/libraries-2016/

  答案:

  16. C) They provide residents with the resources needed.

  17. B) By inspiring their creativity.

  18. D) Their number increased modestly.

  第二篇为说明文,介绍了热带草原猫,出题点遵照了说明文的出题套路:说明对象介绍,特点,人们对于说明对象的观点或发现。文本难度是三篇中较为简单的一篇,文本改编自维基百科,这并不是维基百科的文章第一次出现在四六级考试中。2017年6月六级听力中说明文也来自维基百科。

  题源文章链接:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savannah_cat

  Passage Two

  19. C) It is an unusual cross breed.

  20. A) They are as loyal as dogs.

  21. C) They shower with them.

  第三篇文章为议论文,介绍了父母对于孩子教育的重要性。

  出题方式也遵循了我们听力课堂上总结的规律,大家做题时应关注开头结尾处,转折(although,but,however等),因果(because,so,等),强调(especially等)。答案和选项多为同根词的对应方式,这也是我们上课讲过的特征,熟练掌握做题技巧的同学应该会得心应手。24题难度较大,需要考生大意概括理解

  Passage Three

  22. D) Excited but somewhat sad.

  23. A) It starts the moment they are born.

  24. D) Set a good example for them to follow.

  25. B) Their home life.

  Passage 1

  A Pew Research Center survey of more than 1000 Americans conducted in April 2016 finds that Americans continue to express largely positive views about the current state of their local public libraries.For instance around three quarters say that public libraries provide them with the resources they need and 66 percent say the closing of their local public library would have a major impact on their community. Although notably just 33 percent say this would have a major impact on them personally or on their family. A majority of Americans feel libraries are doing a good job of providing a safe place for people to hang out or spend time as well as opening up educational opportunities for people of all ages and roughly half think their libraries contribute a lot to their communities in terms of helping spark creativity among young people and providing a trusted place for people to learn about new technologies. As in past Pew Research Center surveys of library use the April 2016 survey also measured Americans usage of and engagement with libraries. Overall, 53 percent of Americans ages 16 and older have had some interaction with the puppet library in the past year either through an in person visit or using a library Web site. some 48 percent of adults specifically visited a library in the past 12 months.A modest increase from the 44 percent who said that in late 2015.

  Question 16:What do most Americans say about local public libraries?

  Question 17:how can local public libraries benefit young people?

  Question 18:what does the 2016 survey show about adult library users?

  Passage 2

  A Savannah cat is a crossbreed between a domestic cat and a medium-sized wild African cat called the Serval. The unusual cross became popular among breeders at the end of the 1990s. And in 2001, the International Cat Association accepted it as a new registered breed. The savannahs are tall and slim and can weigh up to nine point one kilograms, making them one of the largest breeds of cats that people can own. They have a spotted code similar to that of many types of wild cats and their ears are very large. They are also commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty and can be trained to walk on a lead and to fetch, and often noted characteristic of the Savannah is its jumping ability. They are known to jump on top of doors and high cabinets. Some can leap about2.5 metres high from a standing position. Cats are typically known for being very inquisitive and so are the Savannahs. They often learn how to open doors and cupboards. Many Savannah cats do not fear water and will play with or even dive into water. Some owners even shower with their Savannah Cats,presenting a water bowl to Savannah may also prove a challenge,as some will promptly begin to bat all the water out of the bowl until it is empty using their front paws.

  Question 19. What do we learn about the savannah cat?

  Question 20. What is characteristic of Savannah cats?

  Question 21 What do some people do with their Savannah cats?

  Passage 3

  When children start school for the very 1st time parents often feel a sense of excitement coupled with a touch of sadness at the end of an era.This is the start of a new adventure for children playing and interacting with new friends sharing, taking turns and settling into a new routine.

  But of course,this is not the start of your child‘s education which in fact began at birth. Back then,you would have been your child’s most influential teachers. During this time at home,your child would have learnt more than at any other period in their life. During your child‘s first year in school much time will be spent in learning to read and they need to know that this is fun and worthwhile. your child will naturally copy youso it is important that u are seen reading and enjoying books newspapers and magazines rather than just absorbed in screens. Ultimately an excellent education should be a close partnership between parents and teachers. A child’s year splits fairly neatly into thirds: a 3rd at school, a 3rd asleep and a third awake at home or on holiday.

  Irrespective of the quality of a school a child‘s home life is of key importance. It is the determining factor of their academic success. Ur child may have started on a new journey but ur work is far from finished.

  Question 22 How do parents feel when their children start going to school?

  Question 23 What does the passage say about children‘s education?

  Question 24 What should parents do for the success of their children‘s education?

  Question 25. What does the passage say is the key factor of loinbo’s academic success?

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