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2018年12月大学英语四级真题答案汇总

2018-12-20 15:37:50 来源:新东方在线

  已经结束的四六级考试不知道大家战况如何,新东方在线四六级教研室为大家准备了新鲜出炉的四级答案,想快点知道自己考多少分的同学,可以预测一下分数。以下是四级答案汇总。

  一、写作范文

  Directions: the challenge of starting a career after graduation

  Nowadays, more and more graduates are inclined to start a career after graduation, however, considering the current employment circumstance, it is undoubtedly that setting up a business of their own would be bound to meet quite a lot of challenges.

  To be specific, there proves to be a cruel reality that we cannot ignore that entrepreneurship requires some basic qualifications, including appropriate opportunities, initial capital, social resources and management ability, the majority of which, unfortunately, happens to be the student entrepreneurs’ shortage. In addition, the fiercer competition and mature market inevitably and correspondingly evolve into the emerging handicap to launch a business successfully, which present higher demand for students.

  Therefore, as an undergraduate, in my own view, we should make a rational plan, accumulate related experience and build up a network before starting our own business.

  二、英语四级翻译真题:手机阅读

  由于通信网络的快速发展,中国智能手机用户数量近年来以惊人度增长。这极大地改变了许多人的阅读方式。他们现在经常智能手机上看新闻和文章,而不买传统报刊。大量移动应用程序的开发使人们能用手机读小说和其他形式的文学作品。因此,纸质书籍的销售受到了影响。但调查显示,尽管能手机阅读市场稳步增长,超半数成年人仍喜欢读纸质书。

  Due to the rapid development of communication network, the number of Chinese smartphone users has increased at an amazing speed in recent years, which has dramatically changed numerous peoples’ way of reading. Nowadays, they always read news and articles through smartphones instead of buying traditional newspapers. The development of a large number of mobile applications enables people to read novels and other forms of literary works with their phones. Therefore, the sale of paper works has been affected. But the survey reveals that although the smartphone reading market is growing steadily, more than half of the grown-ups still enjoy reading printing books.

  三、阅读

  今年四级考试在阅读这个版块里,总体难度仍然呈较为平稳的发展态势。无论是选词填空、长篇阅读还是仔细阅读,与在四级课堂上讲到的解题技巧都有很高的契合度。

  首先一起来谈谈选词填空这个题型。总的来说,考点仍然是课堂上反复跟大家强调的,用我们上课讲到的快速解题法则很快能得到正确答案。首先第一步分析选项词性。今年名词考2个,动词考5个,形容词考1个,副词2个。如此一来,我们很快把15选1缩小到了最多是7选1,最少的情况是1选1。另外,请注意,名词通过单复数,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还可以进一步缩小范围。选词填空答案如下:

  26. F Damage

  27. B associated

  28 .M sources

  29 .D constant

  30 .G described

  31 .E control

  32 .H equals

  33 .K regularly

  34. I exclusively

  35 .O vehicles

  长篇阅读难度持平,用定位法则快速找定位即可,特别要注意的是题干中只出现的大写专有名词、数字、时间、连词符和只出现过一次的表达。今年的匹配题比较难,少数题干出现了同义替换的现象,大多数还是按照我们说的用到的是类似的表达和词性的替换。匹配题答案如下:

  36-40 DBGFI 41-45 FCJEG

  36. More than half of the food Americans eat is factory-produced

  37.There is a special program that assigns doctors to give advice to shoppers in food stores.

  38.There is growing evidence from research that food helps patients recover from various illnesses.

  39. A healthy breakfast can be prepared quickly and easily.

  40.Training a patient to prepare healthy fod can change their life.

  41. One food-as-medicine program not only prescribes food for treatment but teaches patientshow to cook it.

  42. Scott is nat keen on cooking food herself thinking it would simply be a waste of time

  43. Diabetes patients are advised to eat more plant-based food

  44.Using food as medicine is no novel idea but the movement is making headway these days.

  45. Americans high rates of various illesses result from the way they eat.

  再来谈谈仔细阅读部分。我们在课堂上跟大家反复强调过,四级仔细阅读的核心在于四个字“精准定位”,今年所涉及到的考点全部是我们之前课程中所涵盖到的。第一篇的题干中几乎没有大写专有名词出现,大家需要注意每道题题干中的名词短语和动宾搭配进行定位。第二篇定位难度不大,但是由于考到的文章主题为AI,定位简单的基础上,难点在于定位处和选项的对应。特别要注意的是,今年的51题考到了之前很少考的例证题。仔细阅读答案如下:

  46. How could california's drought crisis be solved according to some researchers?

  B- By drawing water from the depths of the earth

  47. What can be inferred about extracting water from deep aquifers?

  B - It was not considered worth the expense

  48. What is mentioned as a consequence of extracting water from deep underground?

  A- The sinking of land surface

  49. What does the author say about deep wells?

  D- They provide a steady supply of freshwater

  50 What may happen when deep aquiters are used as water sources?

  C- The cost may go up due to desalination.

  51. What does the author want to show with the example of AlphaGo's victory?

  D- Computers can become highly inelilence

  52. What does the author 'mean by Al machines acting ethically?

  C- They make sensible decisions when facing moral dilemmas.

  53. What is said to be the bigger challenges facing humans in the AI age?

  B- How to ensure that super- intllient AI machines act ethically.

  54. What do we learn about Microsoft's 'chatbot' Taylor?

  A- She could not distinguish good from bad.

  55. What does Eric Schmidt think of artificial intelligence?

  D- It will be here to stay whatever the outcome.

  总而言之,只要大家在考试过程中熟练地运用了之前课堂上学到的解题方法,取得好成绩也是顺理成章的。

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