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2018年12月大学英语六级真题答案汇总

2018-12-20 15:43:44 来源:新东方在线

  已经结束的四六级考试不知道大家战况如何,新东方在线四六级教研室为大家准备了新鲜出炉的六级答案,想快点知道自己考多少分的同学,可以预测一下分数。以下是六级答案汇总。

  一、写作范文

  第一套how to balance academic study and extra curriculum activities

  第二套how to balance job responsibilities and personal interests

  第三套how to balance work and leisure

  第一套参考作文:

  Concerning the impacts of after-class activities on students, there is a hot debate arguing whether its benefits outweigh its drawbacks. However, what we undergraduates need is to keep balance between our study andextra-curricular activities.

  As for such a question, several measures are listed as follows. First and foremost, a reasonable schedule on our regular study and daily life should be worked out, due to the fact that, without that, more time might be wasted and we could neither study well nor enjoy ourselves. Also, as it is so difficult for some college students to control ourselves in current society, we would be beneficial if we had a companion to supervise each other. In addition, it is imperative that we should promote our study efficiency, which offers us a chance to pursue what we are interested in and cultivate our abilities beyond courses.

  To be concluded, distracted as we could be in our college life, the balance between our academic learning and entertainment is never complex if we could follow the above steps.

  二、英语六级翻译

  近年来,中国越来越多的博物馆免费向公众开放。博物馆展览次数和参观人数都明显增长。在一些广受欢迎的博物馆门前,排长队已很常见。这些博物馆必须采取措施限制参观人数。如今,展览形式越来越多样。一些大型博物馆利用多媒体和虚拟现实等先进技术,使展览更具吸引力。不少博物馆还举办在线展览,人们可在网上观赏珍稀展品。然而,现场观看展品的体验对大多数参观者还是更具吸引力。

  In recent years, an increasing number of museums in China are open to the public for free. The number of exhibitions and visitors has increased significantly. Long queues are common in front of some popular museums, so measures must be taken to limit the number of visitors. Nowadays, exhibition forms are more and more diverse. Some large museums utilize advanced technologies such as multimedia and virtual reality to make exhibitions more attractive. Many museums also hold online exhibitions, through which people can watch rare exhibits online. However, the experience of watching exhibits on site is more attractive to most visitors.

  三、阅读

  1.选词填空

  26.(F) graspit also hurts students who're already struggling to __26__ the material.空格前为不定式to 后为名词可判断出空格处为动词原形,grasp意理解,领会。大意为这也伤害了那些已经在努力掌握材料内容的学生。

  27. C) evaluated To measure the effects of Internet-based distractions during class ,researchers __27__ 500 students空格前为名词,空格后为名词,可判断出空格处为动词,结合下一句Researchers used时态,可得知这里为过去时,研究人员评估了500名学生。

  28. (A)aptitudeResearchers used ACT scores as a measure of intellectual __28__.空格前为形容词,空格处为名词,aptitude为天资,研究人员用ACT分数来衡量智力水平。

  29. E filteringBecause previous research has shown that people with high intellectual abilities are better at __29__ out distractions,空格前为介词,空格后为名词,可判断出空格处为V-ing, filtering out表示过滤掉,词句大意为因为之前的研究已经表明,智力高的人更善于过滤掉干扰。

  30 (M) significant researchers believed students with high ACT scores would not show a __ 30__ decrease in performance due to their use of digital devices.空格前为不定冠词,后为名词,可判断空格处为形容词,significant为明显的,重要的,此句大意为研究人员认为,ACT高分的学生不会因为使用电子设备而表现出明显的下降。

  31 (K raising) College professors are increasingly _31__ alarm bells about the effects smartphones laptops, and tablets have on academic performance.空格前为be动词,空格后为名词,可判断出空格处为跟are构成谓语部分,主语为人所以用V-ing表示正在进行时,所给词中只有filtering和raising,此句大意为越来越多的大学教授对智能手机、笔记本电脑和平板电脑对学习成绩的影响敲响了警钟。

  32(0)typicalOne 2013 study of college students found that 80% of students use their phones or laptops during class, with the average student checking their digital device 11 times in a __ class.空格前为a,后为名词,可判断空格处为形容词,typical在此表普通的,2013年的一项针对大学生的研究发现,80%的学生在课堂上使用手机或笔记本电脑,在普通课堂上,平均每个学生查看电子设备11次。

  33(N)suffer A quarter of students report that their use of digital devices during class causes their grades to _____.根据语义判断空格处为动词原形,suffer在此为变差,变坏,变糟,大意为四分之一的学生表示,他们在课堂上使用数字设备会导致成绩变差。

  34 (H)minimize Professors sometimes implement policies designed to 34__ __ students' use of digital devices,空格前为to,空格后为名词,可判断空格处为动词原形,minimize减到最少,教授们有时会实施一些旨在尽量减少学生使用数字设备的政策。

  35 (L)resist Until students are able to 35_resist___ the pull of social networking, texting, and endlessly surfing the web, 空格前为to,空格后为名词,可判断空格处为动词原形,resist表抵抗,直到学生能够抵抗社交网络、短信和无休止的上网的诱惑。

  2.段落匹配

  [36]It has been found thatinadequate recovery often leads to poor health and accidents

  答案:[D]

  解析:本题考查原词定位+同义替换

  Research has found that there is a direct correlation between lack of recovery and increased incidence of health and safety problems.

  [37]Mental relaxation is much needed, just asphysical relaxation is.

  答案:[J]

  解析:本题考查同义替换+意思概述

  If after work you lie around on your bed and get riled up by political commentary on your phone or get stressed thinking about decisions about how to renovate your home, your brain has not received a break from high mental arousal states. Our brains need a rest as much as our bodies do.

  [38] Adequate rest not only helps one recover, but also increases one’s work efficiently.

  答案:[L]

  解析:本题考查原词定位+同义替换

  Take all of your paid time off, which not only gives you recovery periods, but raises your productivity and likelihood of promotion.

  [39] The author always has a hectic time before taking a flight.

  答案:[A]hectictime忙碌的时间

  解析:本题考查同义替换+意思概述

  We race to get all our ground work done: packing, going through TSA, doing a last-minute work call, calling each other, then boarding the plane.

  [40] Recovery may not take place even if one seems to have stopped working.

  答案:[E]

  解析:本题考查原词定位+意思概述

  And just because work stops, it doesn’t mean we are recovering.

  [41] It is advised that technology be used to prevent people from overworking.

  答案:[K]

  解析:本题考查原词定位+同义替换

  Amy Blankson describes how to strategically stop during the day by using technology to control overworking.

  [42] Contrary to popular belief, rest does not equal recovery.

  答案:[I]

  解析:本题考查原词定位+意思概述

  Most people assume that if you stop doing a task like answering emails or writing a paper, that your brain will naturally recover…That’s because rest and recovery are not the same thing. Stopping does not equalrecovering.

  [43] The author has come to see that this problem results from a misunderstanding of the meaning of resilience.

  答案:[B]

  解析:本题考查原词定位+同义替换

  we have come to realize that the problem is not our hectic schedule or the plane travel itself; the problem comes from a misunderstanding of what it means to be resilient, and the resulting impact of overworking.

  [44] People’s distorted view about resilience may have developed from their upbringing.

  答案:[G]

  解析:本题考查原词定位+同义替换

  The misconception of resilience is often bred from an early age. Parents trying to teach their children resilience might celebrate a high school student staying up until 3AM to finish a science fair project. What a distortion of resilience!

  [45] People tend to think the more determined they are, the greater their success will be.

  答案:[C]

  解析:本题考查同义替换+意思概述

  We believe that the longer we tough it out, the tougher we are, and therefore the more successful we will be.

  3.仔细阅读

  46.What is the focus of the new study from Duke University?

  答案:B.The predictors of children’s academic success.

  47.How did the searchers ensure that their findings are valid?

  答案:A.By attaching equal importance to all possible variables examined.

  48.What do we learn from the findings of the Duke study?

  答案:B.There are more children with attention difficulties than preciously thought.

  49.What does the Duke study find about children better accepted by peers?

  答案:A.They do better academically.

  50.What can we conclude from the Duke study?

  答案:C. Social skills are playing a key role in children’s development.

  51.What does the author say about the negative impact of smartphones?

  答案:C.It is not so obvious but has caused some concern.

  52.What is considered a less obvious advantage of smartphone technology?

  答案:D.It greatly improves research on human behavior.

  53.What characterized traditional psychological research?

  答案:B.It relies on lab observations and participants’ reports.

  54.How will future psychological studies benefit individuals?

  答案:A.By helping them pin down their unusual behaviors.

  55.What do we learn about current psychological studies?

  答案:B.They are increasingly focused on real-life situations.

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