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GRE阅读题目解析:电影拍摄艺术发展

2017-06-15 09:53:00 来源:新东方在线

  【GRE阅读题目解析:电影拍摄艺术发展】GRE考试考什么?GRE阅读是重点。新东方在线GRE频道为大家带来GRE阅读题目解析:电影拍摄艺术发展,答案见下一页,希望对大家GRE备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线GRE频道!

  查看全部:GRE阅读答案解析(汇总)

  GRE阅读题目解析:电影拍摄艺术发展

  P2

  Practically speaking, the artistic maturing of the cinema was the single-handed achievement of David W. Griffith (1875-1948). Before Griffith, photography in dramatic films consisted of little more than placing the actors before a stationary camera and showing them in full length as they would have appeared on stage. From the beginning of his career as a director, however, Griffith, because of his love of Victorian painting, employed composition. He conceived of the camera image as having a foreground and a rear ground, as well as the middle distance preferred by most directors. By 1910 he was using close-ups to reveal significant details of the scene or of the acting and extreme long shots to achieve a sense of spectacle and distance. His appreciation of the camera‘s possibilities produced novel dramatic effects. (131 words)

  2. Select the sentence in which the author asserts that Griffith played an important role in the development of the cinema.

  3. The author‘s attitude toward photography in the cinema before Griffith can best be described as

  (A) sympathetic

  (B) nostalgic

  (C) amused

  (D) condescending

  (E) hostile

  点击下一页查看答案:

[page]

  1

  Practically speaking, the artistic maturing of the cinema was the single-handed achievement of David W. Griffith (1875-1948).

  电影拍摄,几乎可以说是凭借 D W.G 一己之力在艺术上发展成熟。

  (practically 实用地,实际地;实质上地;几乎,差不多。我认为取最后一种更恰当,这是一种模糊的超高评价,无法实证。)

  2

  Before Griffith, photography in dramatic films consisted of little more than placing the actors before a stationary camera and showing them in full length as they would have appeared on stage.

  G 以前,剧情片的摄影只是在演员前面摆一架静止的摄像机,把演员全身都拍进去如同他们站在舞台上表演。

  (stationary 静止不动的,固定的)

  3

  From the beginning of his career as a director, however, Griffith, because of his love of Victorian painting, employed composition.

  而 G 从他导演生涯的初期,就在拍摄中引入了构图的概念,因为他喜爱维多利亚时期的绘画。

  4

  He conceived of the camera image as having a foreground and a rear ground, as well as the middle distance preferred by most directors.

  他理解的拍摄画面,包括前景,后景,以及多数导演更偏爱的中距离。

  5

  By 1910 he was using close-ups to reveal significant details of the scene or of the acting and extreme long shots to achieve a sense of spectacle and distance.

  直到 1910 年以前,他一直使用特写镜头来展示场景或表演中的重要细节,运用相当长的镜头来表现大场面和距离。

  6

  His appreciation of the camera‘s possibilities produced novel dramatic effects. (131 words)

  他对各种可能的摄影手法的理解,创造了新的戏剧效果。

  2. Select the sentence in which the author asserts that Griffith played an important role in the development of the cinema.

  “Practically speaking, the artistic maturing of the cinema was the single-handed achievement of David W. Griffith (1875-1948). ”

  注意是选 asserts 的一句,那只能是第一次提出这种判断的一句。

  没有提出任何证据,没有论证过程,第一次抛出的观点,叫做 assert 对应 assertion / mere opinion,经过论证过程再提出观点,叫做 conclude 对应 conclusion,结论。

  3. The author‘s attitude toward photography in the cinema before Griffith can best be described as

  (A) sympathetic

  (B) nostalgic

  (C) amused

  (D) condescending

  (E) hostile

  选 D

  A 同情的,赞同的

  B 怀旧的

  C 觉得搞笑的,被逗乐了的

  D 屈尊府就的

  E 攻击的,厌恶的

  以前在填空里我详细地讲过 condescend / condescending / condescension,不要从中文字面的 “屈尊府就” “恩赐的态度” 去硬套进英文句子理解,你要习惯于把这个词作为一种英文概念去体会。

  英国人美国人之所以经常用到 condescend 这种概念,因为他们的文化强调人人平等,一旦有一点不平等,他们就能敏感地察觉,会说 you are so condescending 。

  中文语境能够提供给你理解这个词的机会相对少,因为我们的文化从骨子里就不追求平等,孔子说的礼就是把不平等合法化的一种理论,仁是这种不平等体系里的维稳措施。很多我们本应该意识到是 condescending 的生活场景,被我们自己脑内的文化 CPU 认为是合理的了,这当然也导致相当多的中国学生,考完GRE还是不明白什么叫 condescending 。

  condescend 的核心就是 “怀着一种‘自以为比对方高级’的态度”。

  回到文章,如果我单纯地想说 G 厉害,那我就说 G 非常伟大,做了很多开创性的工作;

  但如果我说 G 的对电影拍摄手段的成熟是 single-handed achevement,那就意味着排他,认为其他人都不行,这是一种典型的 condescending 的态度,“我说的这位比你们都高级”。

  以上就是新东方在线GER频道为你带来的GRE阅读题目解析:电影拍摄艺术发展,更多精彩敬请关注新东方在线GRE频道。

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