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托福独立写作友谊类题目的破解方法

2018-11-08 11:36:00 来源:新东方在线

  来源:新东方 蔡润光

  01

  影响友谊的因素

  诚实:一个人能否对朋友完全坦诚

  竞争:竞争是否会影响到友谊

  经济背景:经济背景不同的人能否成为朋友

  距离:一个人是否应该搬到新的城市或国家,因为距离会影响到友谊

  分歧:朋友间出现分歧还是否能够保持友谊

  年龄:年长的朋友与同龄朋友相比,谁能给出更有效的建议

  02

  朋友的选择

  通常以比较类设问出现,比如better than, more important等等: 老朋友 vs/& 新朋友;幽默朋友 vs/& 睿智朋友

  这类问题蔡蔡建议大家采取双向支持的方法展开论述,以防没有充分的分论点。

  03

  朋友的影响

  这类问题已通常是比较类型,比较的对象可能为家人 vs/& 朋友以及老师 vs/& 朋友

  关于是否可以双向支持的问题,托福官方有着明确的说明。在ETS托福官方指南第四版565页,sample的题目为:

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is more important to keep your old friends than it is to make new friends.

  是否维持老朋友比结识新朋友更重要。

  OG给出的题目分析为:“If you believe that old and new friends are equally important, you should present a balanced argument that explains the benefits of both types of friends.”

  OG指出:观点可以说两者同等重要“equally important”论证时采用双向支持“balanced argument”的论证方式。

  了解了友情类独立写作的出题角度与论证方式后,我们再来关注语料素材。

  What is friendship?

  Friendship fills our life with joy and is one of the most enjoyable privileges human beings are endowed with/blessed with.

  Real friends are those who would stand by our side to render support in time of need and share joy and happiness in time of pleasure.

  Friends will never judge us and will accept us just for who we are.

  A friend is one that knows you as you are, understands where you have been, accepts what you have become, and still, gently allows you to grow. —— William Shakespeare

  True friendship can endure the test of time/space/money.

  Each individual may have his unique criteria for choosing friends.

  The criteria of choosing friends differ among individuals.

  Traits/features of friendship

  定义完友情,我们再找寻一些友情的共同特性。

  Nonetheless/nevertheless, there are common features existing in every real friend.

第二页继续...

[page]

  志同道合

  Congenial friends

  Like-minded friends

  Friends with shared interests

  Birds of same feather flock together.

  默契

  True friendship comes when the silence between two people is comfortable. —— David Tyson Gentry

  Friends can easily understand what we are thinking without saying a word.

  We do not have to choose our words meticulously.

  We can joke about our most embarrassing moments without the fear of being judged.

  谎言 & 真诚

  Under some circumstances, white lies/good-intentioned lies are acceptable/ understandable.

  As long as there is sincerity existing between two people, by no means will their friendship be hindered.

  不同 & 包容

  Difference is not a barrier/obstacle to friendship.

  Friends who offer new perspectives, ideas, experiences, and advice can help you learn more about yourself and will help you grow as a more well-rounded person.

  Friends of diverse backgrounds have the ability to transform a fixed mindset into a growth mindset.

  Be willing to tolerate differences and even some shortcomings of their cherished friends.

  互信

  Mutual understanding and trust contribute tremendously to maintaining the solidity of friendship.

  Trustworthy friends remind you that you are not alone and empower you to be a better person.

  Mutual respect goes a long way towards (有助于)building trust and friendship.

  幽默

  Humorous friends bring you joy, hope, and comfort even in the midst of life’s most difficult situations.

  Uplift your soul

  Jokes are always effective when we are trying to lighten up and keep ourselves calm.

  交流

  One of the major elements that sustain/maintain excellent human relations lies in extensive communication between people.

  During the course of exchanging ideas, much can be gained and mutual understanding will be strengthened as well. In a sense, it paves the way for establishing stable friendships.

  支持 & 帮助

  Anybody can sympathize with the sufferings of a friend, but it requires a very fine nature to sympathize with a friend’s success. – —— Oscar Wilde

  A friend in need is a friend indeed.

  If a so-called friend could only spend joyful hours with us but desert us when harsh time arrives, he could never be accepted as a reliable friend.

  Be trapped/stuck in a dilemma

  Help us out of our torturous dilemma

  年龄

  Age is not the sole factor that determines the quality of advice.

  The advice given by elders has undergone repeated tests and can be easily put into practice.

  No gap exists between friends.

  Friends are tightly bound together, thus, they have more to share.

  Be empathetic

  Stand on one’s shoes

  友谊类相关表达

  Get acquainted with 泛泛之交

  Be familiar with 熟悉的朋友

  Be intimate with 挚友

  Count on/rely on

  Cement friendship

  Strengthen the ties/bond

  以上就是为大家整理的“托福独立写作友谊类题目的破解方法”,更多精彩内容请关注新东方在线托福频道!


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