资讯
职称外语 新东方在线网络课堂 > 职称外语 > 职称英语综合类 > 正文

职称英语综合类A级阅读题理解及答案(19)

2017-03-11 17:50:00 来源:新东方在线

  Is the Tie a Necessity?

  Ties, or neckties, have been a symbol of politeness and elegance in Britain for centuries. But the casual Prime Minister Tony Blair has problems with them. Reports suggest that even the civil servants may stop wearing ties. So, are the famously formal British really going to abandon the neckties?

  Maybe. Last week, the UK's Cabinet Secretary Andrew Turnbull openly welcomed a tieless era. He hinted that civil servants would soon be free of the costliest 12 inches of fabric that most men ever buy in their lives.

  In fact, Blair showed this attitude when he had his first guests to a cocktail party. Many of them were celebrities (知名人士) without ties, which would have been unimaginable even in the recent past.

  For some more conservative British, the tie is a must for proper appearance. Earlier, Labor leader Jim Callaghan said he would have died rather than have his children seen in public without a tie. For people like Callaghan, the tie was a sign of being complete, of showing respect. Men were supposed to wear a tie when going to church, to work in the office, to a party-almost every social occasion.

  But today, people have begun to accept a casual style even for formal occasions.

  The origin of the tie is tricky. It started as something called simply a "band". The term could mean anything around a man's neck. It appeared in finer ways in the 1630s. Frenchmen showed a love of this particular fashion statement. Their neckwear (颈饰) impressed Charles II, the king of England who was exiled (流放) to France at that time. When he returned to England in 1660, he brought this new fashion item along with him.

  It wasn't, however, until the late 18th century that fancy young men introduced a more colorful, flowing piece of cloth that eventually became known as the tie. Then, clubs military institutions and schools began to use colored and patterned ties to indicate the wearer's membership in the late 19th century. After that, the tie became a necessary item of clothing for British gentlemen.

  But now, even gentlemen are getting tired of ties. Anyway, the day feels a bit easier when you wake up without having to decide which tie suits you and your mood.

  31 The tie symbolizes all of the following except

  A respect.

  B elegance.

  C democracy.

  D politeness.

  32 Why does Blair sometimes show up in a formal event without a tie?

  A Because he wants to make a show.

  B Because he wants to attract attention.

  C Because he wants to live in a casual way.

  D Because ties are costly.

  33 Which of the following is NOT a social occasion?

  A Going to church.

  B Going to work in the office.

  C Going to a party.

  D Staying at home.

  34 Who brought the Frenchmen's neckwear to Britain?

  A Charles II.

  B Tony Blair.

  C Jim Callaghan.

  D Andrew Turnbull.

  35 When did British gentlemen begin to wear ties regularly?

  A In the 1630s,

  B After the late 19thcentury.

  C In 1660.

  D In the late 18th century.

  参考答案:31 C  32 C  33 D  34 A  35 B

     本文选自新东方在线论坛。

最新文章

相关文章

四级实用 ? 工具

四六级交流?下载

四级课程排行榜本周本月

四级公开课更多>>

全国大学英语四六级考试听力重大调整解析 w 22分01秒
1 全国大学英语四六级考试听力重大调整解析
视频:新东方在线2015年12月四级考试综合点评 w 24分04秒
2 视频:新东方在线2015年12月四级考试综合点评
视频:新东方在线帅健翔2015年12月四级阅读真题解析 w 25分11秒
3 视频:新东方在线帅健翔2015年12月四级阅读真题解析
视频:2015年12月英语四级写作真题解析 w 22分14秒
4 视频:2015年12月英语四级写作真题解析
2015年12月大学英语四级考试模考卷二 w 28分39秒
5 2015年12月大学英语四级考试模考卷二

推荐阅读